Who does not face orthopedic problems? However, the second wave of COVID-19 has created fear in people as this wave is worse than before.
Moreover, hospitals are at high alert in this pandemic. In this situation, it is not safe to see a doctor for minor ailments. First of all, let us understand what orthopedic problems people face and what are orthopedic emergencies.
Orthopedic disorders-what are they and why people see an orthopedic doctor?
Orthopedic disorders contain cubital tunnel syndrome, ligament injuries to the knee, and traumas. In simple words, these are the diseases that affect the musculoskeletal system of humans. The body’s movement depends on bones, nerves, joints, ligaments, tendons, and other tissues connected to them. A minor problem in any of them causes trauma in the human body.
For this reason, people immediately see an orthopedic doctor if facing these emergencies. An orthopedic surgeon helps in identifying the problem and prevent injury. Stress in fractures, broken bones, muscle injury, and tear and rupture of tendons are the common reasons people seen orthopedic doctor.
Pain in the elbow, shoulders, knee, and wrists are common problems people see off and on, mostly those who show great interest in sports or lift heavyweight. Moreover, the most common orthoptic problem that people face daily is in the elbow region. The stretch in the elbow causes pain in the forearm and causes stress in muscles and the wrist.
People who play sports daily at doing gym and women at home who off and lift heavy weights or make repetitive motion excessively see the tension in muscles. A minor knee dislocation sprains, fracture around the knee, and sprains in the ankle and wrists, are the most common ailments that people see daily.
Severe fractures that are related to vascular injuries, compartment syndrome, septic arthritis
Open fractures and compression in the spinal cord are some severe problems. While facing any of these issues, a person should immediately see a doctor. Moreover, multiple long bone fractures and hip dislocation are also severe orthopedic problems requiring emergency checkups and treatment.
How can a person treat minor ailments at home?
In this pandemic, it is not safe to visit hospitals for small problems as you all know that hospitals are in the red zone. Visiting hospitals more often during these hard times higher the chances of spreading this virus. For this reason, try to prevent acute injuries at home. Here is how you can treat common orthopedic injuries at home.
Sprains in wrists and ankles cause pain and swelling that cause uneasiness in the body. Sometimes, walking long distances in uncomfortable shoes cause ankle sprains. In this situation, all you need to do is to change shoes. Moreover, some people neglect the problems tearing of soles can cause. For this reason, it is free advice for them to change shoes with wear-out soles and use anti-skid mats. For heavy shoulders and pain in the neck and shoulder joint, some easy stretches and exercises are enough to relax muscles. Avoid incorrect postures during working hours at offices and home as it creates tension in the body.
Apart from that, taking supplements is essential to avoid problems due to weak bones. So, adding vitamin D and B12 supplements is essential. Similarly, during pain, drink milk with turmeric as it is the best anti-inflammatory agent.
The use of crepe bandage is a must for sports as knee injuries are common for them. This bandage helps in reducing swelling and gives support to the respective part.
Orthopedic healthcare in COVID-19:
As the world is facing high healthcare issues in this COVID-19, it is the duty of orthopedic surgeons to play a role in overcoming this battle. Though orthopedic surgeons are not on the front line, they can play an effective role in overcoming the situation. The first thing they must do is to sterilize the reusable orthopedic instruments.
Surgical measures for patients in hospitals:
Health organizations advise doctors to postpone the non-urgent cases to free beds and space for people with major problems. In this way, only traumatic patients will be permitted to the hospitals. It will free the space and lower the risks of getting virus.
Special protective measures for the operating room:
People permitted to the hospitals may or may not are COVID positive. For this reason, special measures must be taken in the operating room, like distancing so other patients there can be safe from getting infected. For this, the proper tests must be conducted before treating patients, the traffic in the operating room must be minimized, and the proper cleaning of orthopedic instruments must be ensured. In this way, people can remain safe from getting infected with the virus during surgeries.
By utilizing these strategies, the healthcare actors can provide the best care to the patients. They can also play a vital role in getting out of this crisis by working together as a team.